You have invited your friend over for dinner. Your child sees your friend reach for some cookies

and says, "Better not take those, or you'll get even bigger." You're embarrassed that your child

could speak so rudely. However, you should consider that your child may may not know how to

use language appropriately in social situations and did not mean harm by the comment.

An individual may say words clearly and use long, complex sentences with correct grammar, but

still have a communication problem - if he or she has not mastered the rules for social language

known as pragmatics.

When humans communicate, much of what goes on is not simply about conveying information

to others. One problem regarding the way in which semantics describes meaning is that anything

that goes beyond the content of the linguistic sign itself is outside the scope of description.

Social and affective meaning are not covered by semantics (which focuses on conventional/

conceptual meaning only), but virtually any real-life communicative situation contains

countless signs which are used to express something about the speakers and their social


Pragmatics is concerned with how people use language within a context, in real-life situations.

While semantics (and virtually all units we have covered before) was concerned with words,

phrases and sentences, the unit of analysis in pragmatics (and in the units we will cover later) is

the utterance. In pragmatics we study how factors such as time, place and the social relationship

between speaker and hearer affect the ways in which language is used to perform different

functions. Language is action, in the words of J.L. Austin, and much of the interaction between

human beings is based on verbal action, for example when we request, promise, swear, apologize


Below is described some of examples of Indonesian conversation in everyday life, and the

example here is to provide student or anyone that want to study about Indonesian language about

a slight image how would the conversation would flow in real-time manner.

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